Chapter published in:Non-Canonically Case-Marked Subjects: The Reykjavík-Eyjafjallajökull papers
Edited by Jóhanna Barðdal, Na'ama Pat-El and Stephen Mark Carey
[Studies in Language Companion Series 200] 2018
► pp. 135–154
Word order as a subject test in Old Icelandic
The main claim of this article is that word order can be used to diagnose subjecthood in Old Icelandic if the relative order of subjects and objects in clauses where both arguments follow the finite verb is examined. The subject always precedes the object in such cases unless (i) the object is moved by Pronominal Object Scrambling, (ii) the subject is moved by Heavy/Indefinite Subject Shift, or (iii) the object contains a reflexive possessive which precedes its binder, a distributive subject. This means that a pronominal subject will always precede an object following the finite verb. It is also shown that these facts strongly support the existence of oblique subjects in Old Icelandic since oblique subjects behave exactly like nominative subject in that they must precede objects under the same conditions as nominative subjects.
Published online: 02 November 2018
Askedal, John Ole
Barðdal, Jóhanna & Eythórsson, Thórhallur
Bobaljik, Jonathan D. & Jonas, Dianne
Cleasby, Richard & Vigfússon, Guðbrandur
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Eythórsson, Thórhallur & Barðdal, Jóhanna
Faarlund, Jan Terje
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Rochemont, Michael S. & Culicover, Peter W.
Sigurðsson, Halldór Ármann
Stallings, Lynne M. & MacDonald, Maryellen C.
Vangsnes, Øystein Alexander
Viðarsson, Heimir Freyr
Wallenberg, Joel C.
Ward, Gregory & Birner, Betty
Wallenberg, Joel C., Ingason, Anton Karl, Sigurðsson, Einar Freyr & Rögnvaldsson, Eiríkur
2011 Icelandic Parsed Historical Corpus (IcePaHC). Version 0.9. http://www.linguist.is/icelandic_treebank
Cited by 1 other publications
Barđdal, Jóhanna, Leonid Kulikov, Roland Pooth & Peter Alexander Kerkhof
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