Article published in:Investigations of the Syntax–Semantics–Pragmatics Interface
Edited by Robert D. Van Valin Jr.
[Studies in Language Companion Series 105] 2008
► pp. 37–57
Reintroducing inverse constructions in Japanese
The deictic verb kuru “to come” in the paradigms of argument encoding
This paper reexamines the Japanese deictic verb kuru “to come” within the RRG framework and argues that its auxiliary use should be analyzed as a kind of inverse marker, elaborating on Shibatani (e.g., 2003). We show that the division of labor between the active-passive system and the direct-inverse system in Japanese involves complicated pragmatic factors. Specifically, it is when a Privileged Syntactic Argument (PSA) is topical but there is another participant that outranks PSA on the person hierarchy (usually speaker or hearer) that the direct-inverse paradigm is obligatorily used, although it may be optionally employed when a PSA is in focus domain. The present study adds a new insight to the growing body of studies on inverse phenomena (Payne 1994), as well as to the typology of PSAs proposed in rrg.
Published online: 21 November 2008
Cited by 1 other publications
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