Chapter published in:Intermediate Language Varieties: Koinai and regional standards in Europe
Edited by Massimo Cerruti and Stavroula Tsiplakou
[Studies in Language Variation 24] 2020
► pp. 103–124
Reduction and persistence of phonological dialect features in German
Like in most European speech communities, the loss of rural dialects and the emergence of regional varieties could also be observed within the German speaking area since at least the 19th century. Previous research on mechanisms influencing the selection process of dialect features was mainly carried out on a theoretical level. This paper aims at contributing an empirical component by presenting the results of a study with focus on selection mechanisms of phonological dialect features in southwest Germany. It will be argued that similarity to the standard, geographical spread, grammatical function and frequency are factors of major importance regarding the chance of survival of dialect features during their transition from rural dialects to regional standard contexts. Of the seven phonological phenomena analysed, in the end only one clearly remains: /s/-palatalisation. Interestingly, this feature does not necessarily possess positive social salience, but is apparently hard to abandon for speakers from the Southwest.
Keywords: dialect, regiolect, regional standard, dialect loss, change, dialect features, phonology, salience, German, Alemannic
Published online: 22 June 2020
(2010) Der Grunddialekt als Konstrukt. Wie Gewährspersonen und Erheber in der direkten Befragung die Daten der Atlasdialektologie konstituieren. In D. Huck, & T. Choremi (Eds.), Parole(s) et langue(s), espaces et temps – Mélanges offerts à Arlette Bothorel-Witz (pp. 23–36). Strasbourg: Université de Strasbourg.
Elmenthaler, M., Gessinger, J., Lanwer, J., Rosenberg, P., Schröder, I., & Wirrer, J.
Gessinger, J., & Butterworth, J.
(2011–) Atlas zur Aussprache des deutschen Gebrauchsstandards [AADG] (in cooperation with Ralf Knöbl). http://prowiki.ids-mannheim.de/bin/view/AADG/