Chapter published in:Processes of Change: Studies in Late Modern and Present-Day English
Edited by Sandra Jansen and Lucia Siebers
[Studies in Language Variation 21] 2019
► pp. 227–246
The goose vowel in South African English with special reference to Coloured communities in 5 cities
This paper adds to the South African and international literature on the fronting of /u:/ in present day English. It investigates the extent to which varieties of South African English spoken by “Coloured” people participate in GOOSE fronting, which has been noted as a notable characteristic of the variety spoken by “Whites” (Lass 1995). At the same time it investigates whether there are any regional and social differences within South Africa’s Coloured communities in the cities of Cape Town, Kimberley, Port Elizabeth, Johannesburg and Durban. An acoustic analysis of the norms of 10 speakers per city showed that structural environment was the best predictor of goose fronting, in line with international findings. There were no consistent patterns for the regional variable of “city” or the social variables of gender and class. Overall Coloured communities show relatively lower degrees of fronting compared to the White norms.
Keywords: -fronting, ethnic variation, regional variation, South Africa, acoustic analysis
Published online: 13 August 2019
Boersma, Paul & David Weenink 2008 PRAAT: Doing phonetics by computer (Version 5.0.08) [Computer program]. Retrieved February 11, 2008, from http://www.praat.org/
Fraser, Lynn Marie
Gordon, Elizabeth, Lyle Campbell, Jennifer Hay, Margaret Maclagan, Andrea Sudbury & Peter Trudgill
ed. forthcoming English in multilingual South Africa Cambridge Cambridge University Press
Hothorn, Torsten, Kurt Hornik & Achim Zeileis
Hundleby, Charles E.,
Kuznetsova, Alexandra, Per Bruun Brockhoff & Rune Haubo Christensen, R. B.
2014 lmer Test: Tests for random and fixed effects for linear mixed effect models (lmer objects of lme4 package). R package version 2.0-32. Available at: http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lmerTest. [6 June 2016].
Labov, William, Rosenfelder, Ingrid & Josef Fruehwald
Lanham, Leonard W.
2009 Deracialising the goose vowel in South African English: accelerated linguistic change amongst young, middle-class, females in post-apartheid South Africa. In Thomas Hoffmann & Lucia Siebers (eds.), World Englishes-- problems, properties and prospects: Selected papers from the 13th IAWE conference, 3–18. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Mesthrie, Rajend, Alida Chevalier & Timothy Dunne
Stroud, Christopher & Sibonile Mpendukana
Van Rooy, Bertus
Watt, Dominic & Anne Fabicius
2016 B.A. (Hons) thesisLinguistics section. University of Cape Town.
2017 The goose vowel: A sociophonetic tale of two cities. Unpublished Honours research paper: University of Cape Town.
Yuan, J. & Mark Liberman
2008 Speaker identification on the SCOTUS corpus. Proceedings of the Acoustics 2008. Reading, UK: Curran Associates, Inc: 5687–5690. Accessed at: www.ling.upenn.edu/~jiahong/publications/c09.pdf. [06 June 2016].