Germanic Heritage Languages in North America

Acquisition, attrition and change

| University of Oslo
| University of Wisconsin
ISBN 9789027234988 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
e-Book Open Access
ISBN 9789027268198
This book presents new empirical findings about Germanic heritage varieties spoken in North America: Dutch, German, Pennsylvania Dutch, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, West Frisian and Yiddish, and varieties of English spoken both by heritage speakers and in communities after language shift. The volume focuses on three critical issues underlying the notion of ‘heritage language’: acquisition, attrition and change. The book offers theoretically-informed discussions of heritage language processes across phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics and the lexicon, in addition to work on sociolinguistics, historical linguistics and contact settings. With this, the volume also includes a variety of frameworks and approaches, synchronic and diachronic. Most European Germanic languages share some central linguistic features, such as V2, gender and agreement in the nominal system, and verb inflection. As minority languages faced with a majority language like English, similarities and differences emerge in patterns of variation and change in these heritage languages. These empirical findings shed new light on mechanisms and processes.
[Studies in Language Variation, 18]  2015.  vi, 418 pp.
Publishing status: Available

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Table of Contents
The study of Germanic heritage languages in the Americas
Janne Bondi Johannessen † and Joseph C. Salmons
Part I. Acquisition and attrition
Word Order Variation in Norwegian Possessive Constructions: Bilingual Acquisition and Attrition
Marit Westergaard and Merete Anderssen
Attrition in an American Norwegian Heritage Language Speaker
Janne Bondi Johannessen †
Reexamining Icelandic as a Heritage Language in North America
Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir
Part II. Phonetic and phonological change
Heritage Language Obstruent Phonetics and Phonology: American Norwegian and Norwegian-American English
Brent Allen and Joseph C. Salmons
The History of Front Rounded Vowels in New Braunfels German
Marc Pierce, Hans C. Boas and Karen A. Roesch
Part III. (Morpho-)syntactic and pragmatic change
Functional Convergence and Extension in Contact: Syntactic and Semantic Attributes of the Progressive Aspect in Pennsylvania Dutch
Josh Brown and Michael T. Putnam
Hybrid Verb Forms in American Norwegian and the Analysis of the Syntactic Relation between the Verb and its Tense
Tor A. Åfarli
Discourse Markers in the Narratives of New York Hasidim: More V2 Attrition
Zelda Kahan Newman
Part IV. Lexical change
Maintaining a Multilingual Repertoire: Lexical Change in American Norwegian
Lucas Annear and Kristin Speth
How Synagogues Became Shuls : The Boomerang Effect in Yiddish-Influenced English, 1895-2010
Sarah Bunin Benor
Phonological Non-integration of Lexical Borrowings in Wisconsin West Frisian
Todd Ehresmann and Joshua Bousquette
Borrowing Modal Elements into American Norwegian: The Case of suppose(d)
Kristin Melum Eide and Arnstein Hjelde
Part V. Variation and real-time change
Changes in a Norwegian Dialect in America
Arnstein Hjelde
On Two Myths of the Norwegian Language in America: Is it Old-Fashioned? Is it Approaching the Written Bokmål Standard?
Janne Bondi Johannessen † and Signe Laake
Coon Valley Norwegians Meet Norwegians from Norway: Language, Culture and Identity among Heritage Language Speakers in the U. S.
Anne Golden and Elizabeth Lanza
Variation and Change in American Swedish
Ida Larsson, Sofia Tingsell and Maia Andréasson
On the Decrease of Language Norms in a Disintegrating Language
Caroline Smits and Jaap van Marle
Index of languages and dialects
Index of authors
Index of subjects
“The volume makes an excellent contribution both to the study of heritage languages and language contact, and to Germanic linguistics. While each of the articles could easily stand alone as a valuable scholarly contribution in another forum, a synergy is created from bringing them together in a single volume. The foci and methodologies of the articles are quite distinct, yet from the totality of the collection the reader emerges with a deeper understanding of the larger picture of the dynamics and the nuts-and-bolts of heritage languages in North America [...].”
“This volume provides useful empirical data and updated perspectives on languages that have often been studied as local or regional phenomena [...].”
Cited by

Cited by 9 other publications

2018. Cross-linguistic similarities and differences in bilingual acquisition and attrition: Possessives and double definiteness in Norwegian heritage language. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 21:4  pp. 748 ff. Crossref logo
Annick De Houwer & Lourdes Ortega
2018.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Bilingualism, Crossref logo
Dehé, Nicole
2018. The Intonation of Polar Questions in North American (“Heritage”) Icelandic. Journal of Germanic Linguistics 30:3  pp. 213 ff. Crossref logo
Johannessen, Janne Bondi & Michael T. Putnam
2020.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Germanic Linguistics,  pp. 783 ff. Crossref logo
Khamis-Dakwar, Reem, May Ahmar & Karen Froud
2019.  In Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics XXXI [Studies in Arabic Linguistics, 8],  pp. 207 ff. Crossref logo
Kinn, Kari
2020. Stability and attrition in American Norwegian nominals: a view from predicate nouns. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 23:1  pp. 3 ff. Crossref logo
Lindemann, Luke
2019. When Wurst comes to Wurscht: Variation and koiné formation in Texas German. Journal of Linguistic Geography 7:01  pp. 33 ff. Crossref logo
Petersen, Jan Heegård, Gert Foget Hansen & Jacob Thøgersen
2020. Correlations between linguistic change and linguistic performance among heritage speakers of Danish in Argentina. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 10:5  pp. 690 ff. Crossref logo
Putnam, Michael T., Tanja Kupisch & Diego Pascual y Cabo
2018.  In Bilingual Cognition and Language [Studies in Bilingualism, 54],  pp. 251 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 04 may 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

BIC Subject: CFB – Sociolinguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2015020903 | Marc record