Semantic Theories in Europe, 1830–1930

From etymology to contextuality

| University of Nottingham
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027245465 (Eur) | EUR 125.00
ISBN 9781556193545 (USA) | USD 188.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027277268 | EUR 125.00 | USD 188.00
 
It is widely believed by historians of linguistics that the 19th-century was largely devoted to historical and comparative studies, with the main emphasis on the discovery of soundlaws. Syntax is typically portrayed as a mere sideline of these studies, while semantics is seldom even mentioned. If it comes into view at all, it is usually assumed to have been confined to diachronic lexical semantics and the construction of some (mostly ill-conceived) typologies of semantic change. This book aims to destroy some of these prejudices and to show that in Europe semantics was an important, although controversial, area at that time. Synchronic mechanisms of semantic change were discovered and increasing attention was paid to the context of the sentence, to the speech situation and the users of the language. From being a semantics of transformations', a child of the biological-geological paradigm of historical linguistics with its close links to etymology and lexicography, the field matured into a semantics of comprehension and communication, set within a general linguistics and closely related to the emerging fields of psychology and sociology.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction
1
1.1 The Importance of the History of Semantics for the History of Linguistics
1
1.2 Review of Literature
4
1.3 The Purpose and Scope of This Book
8
1.4 General Overview
12
Part I
2.0 The Development of Semasiology in Germany
29
2.1 Introduction and Overview
29
2.2 Reisig – A Broad Programme for Semasiology
33
2.3 Tobler's Etymo-Logical Semasiology
41
2.4 Haase – Semasiology between History and Philosophy
43
2.5 Heerdegen – Logico-Historical Semasiology at Its Best
45
2.6 Hey – Towards a Psychological Semasiology
49
2.7 The Psychological Tradition in Semasiology – Völkerpsychologie Mark 1
53
2.8 The Schoolmasters' Interlude – Thomas and Schmidt
68
2.9 The Psychological Tradition in Semasiology – Völkerpsychologie Mark 2
73
2.10 Official Semantics and Semantic Innovators
80
2.11 Meaning and Emotion
103
2.12 Stern's Theory of Meaning and Change of Meaning: The Apotheosis of the Semasiological Tradition
118
Part II
3.0 The Development of la Sémantique in France
125
3.1 Introduction
125
3.2 Ideology and Lexiology
126
3.3 Littré – Semantics and Lexicography
129
3.4 Bréal – First Steps towards Semantics as a Human Science
131
3.5 Darmesteter – A First Programme for Semantics
138
3.6 Back to Bréal and the Establishment of la sémantique
141
3.7 Back to Darmesteter and a Biological-Rhetorical Model for Semantic Change
142
3.8 Darmesteter – A Centre of Innovations and Controversies
145
3.9 Bréal's Essai de sémantique
156
3.10 French Psycho-Semantics
165
3.11 French Socio-Semantics
173
3.12 From Diachrony to Synchrony
191
3.13 Conclusion
204
Part III
4.0 The Development of Semantics in England – From Sematology to Significs and Beyond
207
4.1 Introduction
207
4.2 Smart's Sematology
209
4.3 Garnett's Criticism of English Lexicography
215
4.4 The New Philological Approach to Meaning
216
4.5 Meaning, Action, and Mind
224
4.6 Language, Thought, and Meaning
236
4.7 British Contextualism
258
Notes
269
Abbreviations
293
Bibliographies of Primary Sources
295
Semasiology in Germany (1800-1950)
297
La sémantique in France (1800-1950)
316
Semantics in England (and the USA) (1800-1950)
324
Semantics (1820-1950): Other Countries
332
References (Secondary Sources)
333
Index of Authors
347
Index Rerum
356
Cited by

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This list is based on CrossRef data as of 12 may 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  91042523 | Marc record