Chapter published in:Syntactic Variation in Insular Scandinavian
Edited by Höskuldur Thráinsson, Caroline Heycock, Hjalmar P. Petersen and Zakaris Svabo Hansen
[Studies in Germanic Linguistics 1] 2017
► pp. 200–232
Inverse attraction in Icelandic relative clauses
We introduce “inverse attraction” (IA) (Bianchi 1999: 93) in non-standard Icelandic, a nearly unstudied phenomenon that provides special insight into relative clause formation, specificially regarding the copy deletion that occurs in the “matching analysis” derivation of relatives. Descriptively, IA seems to involve deletion of the higher, rather than the lower copy of the relative head. In order to study this phenomenon in more detail, we conducted a judgment study with 130 Icelandic-speaking participants. The results of our study indicate that the acceptability of IA depends on the matrix and embedded cases involved, on the position of the gap inside the relative clause, and on the position of the whole relativized DP.
Keywords: inverse attraction, matching analysis, relative clauses, judgment data, case, Icelandic
Published online: 18 July 2017
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