Article published in:Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics XXVIII: Papers from the Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics, Gainesville, Florida, 2014
Edited by Youssef A. Haddad and Eric Potsdam
[Studies in Arabic Linguistics 4] 2016
► pp. 3–36
Phonation and glottal states in Modern South Arabian and San'ani Arabic
This chapter examines phonation categories and glottal states in the Modern South Arabian language, Mehri, as spoken in southern Oman and eastern Yemen with reference also to its sister language, Śḥerɛ̄t, and in San’ani Arabic from an Emergent Features perspective (Mielke, 2008). Within the paper, we consider the extent to which these language varieties may inform research on the phonological categories of the early Arab grammarians. The innovation in this paper lies in addressing the relationship between phonological patterning, phonetics, and distinctive features. We present data to show that voiced and emphatic phonemes pattern together in these varieties in opposition to voiceless phonemes, leading us to postulate a phonological account in terms of two ‘emergent’ laryngeal features [open] and [closed], that draws on Morén’s Parallel Structures model (2003).
Keywords: glottal state, hams and jahr, Modern South Arabian, phonation, San'ani Arabic
Published online: 25 May 2016
Bendjaballah, S. & Ségéral. P.
Duckworth, M., Allen, G., Hardcastle, W.J. & Ball, M.J.
Embarki, M., Ouni, S., Yeou, M., Guilleminot, C. & Al Maqtari, S.
Esling, J.H. & Harris, J.G.
Heselwood, B., Watson, J.C.E. & Maghrabi, R.
Heselwood, B. & Maghrabi, R.
Lonnet, A. & Simeone-Senelle, M-Cl
Watson, J.C.E. & Asiri, Y.
(2007) Pre-pausal devoicing and glottalisation in varieties of the south-western Arabian Peninsula. ICPhS , Freiburg.
Watson, J.C.E. & Bellem, A.
(2010) A detective story: Emphatics in Mehri. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies , 40, 345–356.
Wright, R. Hargus, S. & Davis, K.