Article published in:
The Expression of Inequality in Interaction: Power, dominance, and status
Edited by Hanna Pishwa and Rainer Schulze
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 248] 2014
► pp. 81104


Alcoff, Linda, and Laura Gray
1993 “Survivor Discourse: Transgression or Recuperation?Signs19(2): 260–290. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Barrett, Frank J., Gail F. Thomas, and Susan P. Hocevar
1995“The Central Role of Discourse in Large-Scale Change: A Social Construction Perspective.” Journal of Behavioral Science31(3): 352–372. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Barry, David, and Michael Elmes
1997 “Strategy Retold: Toward a Narrative View of Strategic Discourse.” Academy of Management Review22(2): 429–452.Google Scholar
Barry, Kathleen
1979Female Sexual Slavery. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Benedict, Helen
1992Virgin or Vamp: How the Press Covers Sex Crimes. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Best, Joel
1997“Victimization and the Victim Industry.” Society34: 9–17. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Boden, Deirdre
1994The Business of Talk: Organizations in Action. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
Boroditsky, Lera
2011 “How Language Shapes Thought.” Scientific American, February: 63–65.Google Scholar
Bourdieu, Pierre
1991Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
1993Sociology in Question. Translated by Richard Nice. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Burt, Martha R.
1980“Cultural Myths and Supports for Rape.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology38: 217–230. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Calhoun, Lawrence G., James W. Selby, and Louise J. Warring
1976“Social Perception of the Victim’s Causal Role in Rape: An Exploratory Examination of Four Factors.” Human Relations29(6): 517–526. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cameron, Charmaine A., and Werner G. K. Stritzke
2003 “Alcohol and Acquaintance Rape in Australia: Testing the Presupposition Model of Attributions about Responsibility and Blame.” Journal of Applied Social Psychology33(5): 983–1008. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, Rebecca, Sharon M. Wasco, Courtney E. Ahrens, Tracy Sefl, and Holly E. Barnes
2001“Preventing the ‘Second Rape’: Rape Survivors’ Experiences with Community Service Providers.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence16(12): 1239–1259. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Crenshaw, Kimberlé W.
1993“Beyond Race and Misogyny: Black Feminism and 2 Live Crew.” In Words that Wound: Critical Race Theory, Assaultive Speech, and the Second Amendment, ed. by Mari J. Matsuda, Charles R. LawrenceIII, Richard Delgado, and Kimberlé W.
 Crenshaw, 111–132. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Deitz, Sheila R., Karen T. Blackwell, Paul C. Daley, and Brenda J. Bentley
1982. “Measurement of Empathy toward Rape Victims and Rapists.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology43: 372–384. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Donnerstein, Edward, and Leonard Berkowitz
1981 “Victim Reactions in Aggressive Erotic Films as a Factor in Violence against Women.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology41(4): 710–724. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fahs, Breanne
2011“Sexual Violence, Disidentification, and Long-Term Trauma Recovery: A Process-Oriented Case Study Analysis.” Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma20(5): 556–578. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Feild, Hubert S.
1978“Attitudes toward Rape: A Comparative Analysis of Police, Rapists, Crisis Counselors, and Citizens.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology36(2): 156–179. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fiedler, Klaus
2008“Language: A Toolbox for Sharing and Influencing Social Reality.” Perspectives on Psychological Science3(1): 38–47. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Figley, Charles R.
1985Trauma and its Wake. New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
Foucault, Michel
1972The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language. Translated by A. M. Sheridan Smith. New York: Pantheon.Google Scholar
Frohmann, Lisa
1998“Constituting Power in Sexual Assault Cases: Prosecutorial Strategies for Victim Management.” Social Problems45: 393–407. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gilmartin-Zena, Pat
1988“Gender Differences in Students’ Attitudes toward Rape.” Sociological Focus21: 279–292. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gleitman, Lila, and Anna Papafragou
2005“Language and Thought.” In The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning, ed. by Keith J. Holyoak, and Robert G. Morrison, 633–661. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Glenn, Shannon A., and E. Sandra Byers
2009“The Roles of Situational Factors, Attributions, and Guilt in the Well-Being of Women Who Have Experienced Sexual Coercion.” The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality 18(4): 201–219.Google Scholar
Guerette, Sarah M., and Sandra L. Caron
2007 “Assessing the Impact of Acquaintance Rape: Interviews with Women Who are Victims/Survivors of Sexual Assault While in College.” Journal of College Student Psychotherapy22(2): 31–50. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Harrison, Rose
2001“Application of Alderian Principles in Counseling Survivors of Sexual Abuse.” The Journal of Individual Psychology57(1): 91–101.Google Scholar
Henley, Nancy M.
1989“Molehill or Mountain? What we Know and Don’t Know about Sex Bias in Language.” In Gender and Thought: Psychological Perspectives, ed. by Mary 
Crawford, and Margaret Gentry, 59–78. New York: Springer-Verlag. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Henley, Nancy M., Michelle Miller, and Jo Anne Beazley
1995“Syntax, Semantics, and Sexual Violence: Agency and the Passive Voice.” Journal of Language and Social Psychology14(1–2): 60–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hill, Jane H.
2008The Everyday Language of White Racism. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hockett, Jericho M.
2013 “’Rape victims’ versus ‘Rape survivors’: Resistance and Oppression in Individuals’ Perceptions of Women Who Have Been Raped.” Kansas State Research Exchange.
Hockett, Jericho M., and Donald A. Saucier
In preparation. “What’s in a Name? Predicting Rape-Related Perceptions of and Support for ‘Rape Victims’, ‘Rape Survivors’, and ‘Women Who Have Been Raped’.
Hockett, Jericho M., Sara J. Smith, Cathleen D. Klausing, and Donald A. Saucier
In press. “Rape Myth Consistency and Gender Differences in Perceiving Rape Victims: A Meta-Analysis.” Violence against Women.
Hockett, Jericho M., and Donald A. Saucier
Under review. “Rape ‘victims’ Versus Rape ‘survivors’: A Review of Two Literatures.
Hockett, Jericho M., Donald A. Saucier, and Caitlyn Badke
In press. “Rape Myths, Rape Scripts, and Actual Rape Scenarios: Differences in Perceptions of Rape Victims.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
Holstein, James A., and Gale Miller
1990 “Rethinking Victimization: An Interactional Approach to Victimology.” Symbolic Interaction13(1): 103–122. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jones, Edward E., and V. Harris
1967“The Attribution of Attitudes.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 3(1): 1–24. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Konradi, Amanda
1997“Too Little, Too Late: Prosecutors’ Pre-Court Preparation of Rape Survivors.” Law and Social Inquiry22: 45–77. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1999“‘I Don’t Have To Be Afraid of You’: Rape Survivors’ Emotion Management in Court.” Symbolic Interaction22: 45–77. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Koss, Mary P.
2000“Blame, Shame, and Community: Justice Responses to Violence Against Women.” American Psychologist55(11): 1332–1343. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer, and Candice M. Monson
1998 “Marital Rape: Is the Crime Taken Seriously without Co-occurring Physical Abuse?Journal of Family Violence13(4): 433–443. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lenneberg, Eric H.
1953“Cognition in Ethnolinguistics.” Language29: 469–470. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1961“Color Naming, Color Recognition, Color Discrimination: A Re-appraisal.” Perceptual and Motor Skills12: 375–382. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Levett, Ann, and Louise Kuhn
1991“Attitudes Towards Rape and Rapists: A White, English-Speaking South African Student Sample.” South African Journal of Psychology 21(1): 32–27. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lugones, María
2003Pilgrimages/Perigrinajes: Theorizing Resistance against Multiple Oppressions. Wilmington, VA: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
Lugones, María, and Elizabeth Spelman
1983“Have We Got a Theory for You! Feminist Theory, Cultural Imperialism, and the Demand for ‘The Woman’s Voice.’” Women’s Studies International Forum6(6): 573–581. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lupyan, Gary, and Emily J. Ward
2013 “Language Can Boost Otherwise Unseen Objects into Visual Awareness.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America . published ahead of printAugust 12, 2013, Doi:Crossref
Madigan, Lee, and Nancy C. Gamble
1991The Second Rape: Society’s Continued Betrayal of the Victim. New York, NY: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
Madriz, Esther
1997Nothing Bad Happens to Good Girls: Fear of Crime in Women’s Lives. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Marshall, H., and M. Wetherell
1989“Talking about Career and Gender Identities: A Discourse Analysis Perspective.” In The Social Identity of Women, ed. by Suzanne Skevington, and Deborah Baker, 106–129. London, England: Sage.Google Scholar
Mazelan, Patti M.
1980“Stereotypes and Perceptions of the Victims of Rape.” Victimology5(2–4): 121–132.Google Scholar
McCaffrey, Dawn
1998“Victim Feminism-Victim Activism.” Sociological Spectrum18(3): 263–284 CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Muehlenhard, Charlene L.
1988“‘Nice Women’ Don’t Say Yes and ‘Real Men’ Don’t Say No: How Miscommunication and the Double Standard Can Cause Sexual Problems.” Women and Therapy7(2–3): 95–108. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Muehlenhard, Charlene L., and Carie S. Rodgers
1993 “Token Resistance to Sex: New Perspectives on an Old Stereotype.” Psychology of Women Quarterly22(3): 443–463. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Naples, Nancy A.
2003Feminism and Method: Ethnography, Discourse Analysis, and Activist Research. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Ng, Sik H.
1990“Androcentric coding of ‘man’ and ‘his’ in memory by language users.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology26: 455–464. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ng, Sik H., and James J. Bradac
1993Power in Language: Verbal Communication and Social Influence. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.Google Scholar
Parker, Judith A., and Deborah Mahlstedt
2010“Language, Power, and Sexual Assault: Women’s Voices on Rape and Social Change.” In Language in the Real World: An Introduction to Linguistics, ed. by Susan J. Behrens, and Judith A. Parker, 139–163. New York, NY: 
Routledge.Google Scholar
Phillipson, Robert
1992Linguistic Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Pratto, Felicia, Jim Sidanius, Lisa M. Stallworth, and Bertram F. Malle
1994“Social Dominance Orientation: A Personality Variable Predicting Social and Political Attitudes.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology67(4): 741–76. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ross, Lee
1977“The Intuitive Psychologist and His Shortcomings: Distortions in the Attribution Process.” In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, ed. by Leonard Berkowitz, 173–220. New York: Academic Press. Google Scholar
Sapir, Edward
1944“Grading: A Study in Semantics.” Philosophy of Science11: 93–116. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1949Selected Writings in Language, Culture and Personality. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Sidanius, Jim, Felicia Pratto, Michael Martin, and Lisa M. Stallworth
1991“Consensual Racism and Career Track: Some Implications of Social Dominance Theory.” Political Psychology12(4): 691–721. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Skjelsbæk, Inger
2006“Victim and Survivor: Narrated Social Identities of Women Who Experienced Rape During the War in Bosnia-Herzogovina.” Feminism and Psychology16(4): 373–403. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Spry, Tami
1995“In the Absence of Word and Body: Hegemonic Implications of “Victim” and “Survivor” in Women’s Narrative of Sexual Experience.” Women and Language18(2): 27–80.Google Scholar
Thompson, Monica
2000“Life After Rape: A Chance to Speak?” Sexual and Relationship Therapy15(4): 325–343. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wakelin, Anna, and Karen M. Long
2003“Effects of Victim Gender and Sexuality on Attributions of Blame to Rape Victims.” Sex Roles 49(9/10): 477–487. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ward, Colleen
1988“The Attitudes toward Rape Victims Scale: Construction, Validation, and Cross-cultural Applicability.” Psychology of Women Quarterly12(2): 127–146. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Warshaw, Robin
1988I Never Called It Rape: The Ms. Report on Recognizing, Fighting, and Surviving Date and Acquaintance Rape. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.Google Scholar
Whorf, Benjamin L.
1956“Science and Linguistics.” In Language, Thought and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf, ed. by John B. Carroll, 207–219. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Wood, Linda A., and Heather Rennie
1994 “Formulating Rape: The Discursive Construction of Victims and Villains.” Discourse and Society5(1): 125–148. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 5 other publications

Boyle, Kaitlin M. & Jody Clay-Warner
2018. Shameful “Victims” and Angry “Survivors”: Emotion, Mental Health, and Labeling Sexual Assault. Violence and Victims 33:3  pp. 436 ff. Crossref logo
Romero-Sánchez, Mónica, Marika Skowronski, Gerd Bohner & Jesús L. Megías
2021. Talking about ‘victims’, ‘survivors’ and ‘battered women’: how labels affect the perception of women who have experienced intimate partner violence (‘Víctimas’, ‘supervivientes’ y ‘mujeres maltratadas’: cómo influyen las etiquetas en la percepción de las mujeres que han sufrido violencia por parte de sus parejas). International Journal of Social Psychology 36:1  pp. 30 ff. Crossref logo
Schwark, Sandra
2017. Visual Representations of Sexual Violence in Online News Outlets. Frontiers in Psychology 8 Crossref logo
Schwark, Sandra & Gerd Bohner
2019. Sexual Violence—“Victim” or “Survivor”: News Images Affect Explicit and Implicit Judgments of Blame. Violence Against Women 25:12  pp. 1491 ff. Crossref logo
Setia, Aanchal, Michael Marks & Sieun An
2020. Double Standards in Perceived Traits of Women Labeled Victims Versus Survivors. Sexuality & Culture 24:5  pp. 1562 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 26 february 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.