L3 acquisition of English attributive adjectives
Dominant language of communication matters for syntactic cross-linguistic influence
This study examines three L3 transfer proposals, namely the L1 Factor (Hermas, 2010, 2014a, 2014b), the CEM (Flynn et al., 2004) and the TPM (Rothman, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015) as well as investigates the role of the language of dominance in L3 acquisition of English attributive adjectives. Three groups of bilinguals took part in this study: L1 Mazandarani/L2 Persian, with Mazandarani as the dominant language of communication, L1 Mazandarani/L2 Persian, with Persian as the dominant language of communication and L1 Persian/L2 Mazandarani, with Persian as the dominant language of communication. The results of a grammaticality judgment task and an element rearrangement task show that the predictions of the above-mentioned L3 transfer proposals were not realized. Instead, the dominant language of communication turns out to be the main source of syntactic crosslinguistic influence at the initial stages of L3 acquisition, irrespective of its status as an L1 or L2.
Keywords: The L1 Factor, the CEM, the TPM, third language acquisition, CLI
Published online: 12 October 2016
Bardel, C., & Falk, Y.
Cabrelli Amaro, J., Amaro J. F., & Rothman, J.
Falk, Y., & Bardel, C.
Fallah, N., Jabbari, A. A, & Fazilatfar, A. M.
Flynn, S., Foley, C., & Vinnitskaya, I.
Giancaspro. D., Halloran, B., & Iverson, M.
Green, D. W.
Hawkins, R., & Chan, Y-HC.
Klausen, T., Subritzky, M., & Hayashi, M.
Larson, R. K.
Na Ranong, S., & Leung, Y- K.
Rothman, J., & Cabrelli Amaro, J.
Rothman, J., & Halloran, B.
Rothman, J., & Iverson, M.
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