Article published in:Formal Studies in Slovenian Syntax: In honor of Janez Orešnik
Edited by Franc Lanko Marušič and Rok Žaucer
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 236] 2016
► pp. 167–192
The modal cycle vs. negation in Slovenian
One of the possible ways of expressing possibility in affirmative sentences in Slovenian is with a modal adverb that combines with a finite verb. Under negation, a modal auxiliary must be used instead of the modal adverb. The pattern with a modal adverb that combines with a finite verb is a peculiarity among Slavic languages as well as European languages more generally (Hansen 2005; Van Olmen & van der Auwera 2016). Looking at diachronic data, which reveal an earlier stage without the modal adverb as well as a subsequent stage with cooccurrence of the modal adverb and the modal auxiliary, we propose that the change be analyzed in terms of the linguistic cycle (van Gelderen 2011), with the modal adverb originating as a reinforcer of the modal auxiliary and then grammaticalizing into a modal. The modal-adverb strategy could not generalize to contexts with sentential negation because of the hierarchical order of the relevant functional projections and the characteristics of the negative particle.
Published online: 08 December 2016
van Gelderen, Elly
Ilc, Gašper & Milojević Sheppard, Milena
Lenček, Rado L.
Milojević Sheppard, Milena & Golden, Marija
2006 Slovar stare knjižne prekmurščine, 1st e-edn. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC. www.fran.si
Van Olmen, Daniël & Johan van den Auwera
Roeder, Carolin F. & Hansen, Björn
Cited by 2 other publications
Putnam, Michael T. & Andrew D. Hoffman
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