Article published in:Edges, Heads, and Projections: Interface properties
Edited by Anna Maria Di Sciullo and Virginia Hill
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 156] 2010
► pp. 127–150
Evidentials as generalized functional heads
This paper proposes that grammaticized evidential morphemes do not simply encode evidence type (as it has been stipulated so far); rather, they encode relations among three situations: the situation of which a proposition is true, a Reference Situation and the Discourse Situation. Evidentials encode the same relations as do Tense and Aspect morphemes, but they relate situations rather than times. Thus, “evidence” is not a primitive but a relation between the situation S about which one makes an assertion and a situation that either contains or is accessible to S. The restrictions on evidence type are predicted by the fact that containment and accessibility are the only possible relations. The common homophony between Evidential morphemes and Tense/Aspect morphemes is explained because the systems encode the same relations. These parallels motivate the suggestion that all Functional heads encode basically the same relations, which may be seen as fundamentally configurational.
Published online: 23 June 2010
Cited by 11 other publications
No author info given
de Villiers, Jill G. & Jay L. Garfield
Lau, Monica Laura & Johan Rooryck
Leiss, Elisabeth & Werner Abraham
Ozturk, Ozge & Anna Papafragou
Ritter, Elizabeth & Martina Wiltschko
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 23 february 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.