Article published in:New Perspectives on the Study of Ser and E star
Edited by Isabel Pérez-Jiménez, Manuel Leonetti and Silvia Gumiel-Molina
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 5] 2015
► pp. 267–292
Eventive and stative passives and copula selection in Canadian and American Heritage Speaker Spanish
Spanish captures the difference between eventive and stative passives via an obligatory choice between two copula; verbal passives take the copula ser and adjectival passives take the copula estar. In this study, we compare and contrast US and Canadian heritage speakers of Spanish on their knowledge of this difference in relation to copula choice in Spanish. The backgrounds of the target groups differ significantly from each other in that only one of them, the Canadian group, has grown up in a societal multilingual environment. We discuss the results as being supportive of two non-mutually exclusive explanation factors: (a) French facilitates (bootstraps) the acquisition of eventive and stative passives and/or (b) the US/Canadian HS differences (e.g. status of bilingualism and the languages at stake) is a reflection of the uniqueness of the language contact situations and the effects this has on the input HSs receive.
Keywords: bilingualism, copula, estar, heritage speakers, passives, ser, syntax
Published online: 28 October 2015
Cited by other publications
DeLuca, Vincent, Jason Rothman, Ellen Bialystok & Christos Pliatsikas
Sánchez Walker, Noelia & Silvina Montrul
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 28 december 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
Beaudrie, S., & Fairclough, M.
Benjamini, Y., & Hochberg, Y.
Benmamoun, E., Montrul, S., & Polinsky, M.
Bentley, D., & Eythórsson, T.
Bley Vroman, R.
Bruhn de Garavito, J.
Bruhn de Garavito, J., & Valenzuela, E.
Geeslin, K.L., & Guijarro-Fuentes, P.
(2005) The acquisition of copula choice in instructed Spanish: The role of individual characteristics. In D. Eddington (Ed.), Studies in the Acquisition of the Hispanic Languages: Papers from the 6th Conference on the Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese as First and Second Languages (pp. 66–77). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Gumiel-Molina, S., & Pérez-Jiménez, I.
(2012) Aspectual composition in <ser/estar+adjective> structures: Adjectival scalarity and verbal aspect in copular constructions. Borealis: An International Journal of Hispanic Linguistics, 1, 33–62. Retrieved from http://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/borealis/article/view/2321/2166 DOI:
Kaltsa, M., Tsimpli, I., & Rothman J.
(2012) Syntax-discourse phenomena in heritage speakers and first language attriters: evidence from pronominal resolution (Unpublished manuscript). Presented at Wuppertal Workshop on Heritage Languages. Aristotle University of Thessalonik and University of Reading. Wuppertal, Germany: October, 4–6, 2012.
Levin, B., & Rappaport, M.
Pascual y Cabo, D., & Rothman, J.
van Patten, B.
Pires, A., & Rothman, J.
Rothman, J., & Treffers-Daller, J.
(1992) Ser and estar: A matter of aspect. In NELS 22 Proceedings of the North East Linguistic Society (pp. 411–425). Amherst, MA: GLSA Publications.
Schmitt, C., & Miller, K.
Silva-Corvalán, C., & Montanari, S.