Chapter in:Advancedness in Second Language Spanish: Definitions, challenges, and possibilities
Edited by Mandy R. Menke and Paul A. Malovrh
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 31] 2021
The role of individual characteristics in the acquisition of Spanish copula choice
The case of Korean learners
The present study examined individual patterns of use of variable Spanish copula choice by advanced-level Korean learners. Participants were nine native speakers of Korean enrolled in fourth-year Spanish courses at a South Korean university. To examine variable copula use, learners participated in a sociolinguistic interview and picture book description task from which all pre-adjectival contexts were identified and the distribution (i.e., range and frequency) of copula forms was examined. To examine individual patterns of use, learners completed a background questionnaire and Spanish grammar task. Results revealed that advanced-level Korean learners produced primarily ser, estar, and developmental omission in pre-adjectival contexts, and there was a positive relationship between higher rates of estar and four of the five individual characteristics examined.
Keywords: Spanish copula, L2 Spanish, variationist approach, individual differences
(2014) Formal instruction and language contact in language variation: The case of ser and estar + adjective in the Spanishes of Limón, Costa Rica. In K. Geeslin & M. Díaz-Campos (Eds.), Selected proceedings of the 14th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium (pp. 9–25). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Alderson, J. C., Clapham, C., & Steel, D.
Bachman, L. F., & Palmer, A. S.
Bayley, R., & Langman, J.
Briscoe, G. G.
Cabrelli Amaro, J., Flynn, S., & Rothman, J.
Canale, M., & Swain, M.
Carlson, G. N., & Pelletier, F. J.
Cenoz, J., Hufeisen, B., & Jessner, U.
Cheng, A. C., Lu, H. C., & Giannakouros, P.
Díaz-Campos, M., & Geeslin, K. L.
Fernández, J., & Tapia, A. M. G.
Freed, B. F., Dewey, D. P., Segalowitz, N., & Halter, R.
Geeslin, K. L.
(2000) A new approach to the second language acquisition of copula choice in Spanish. In R. Leow & C. Sanz (Eds.), Spanish applied linguistics at the turn of the millennium: Papers from the 1999 Conference on the L1 & L2 Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese (pp. 50–66). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
Geeslin, K. L.
Geeslin, K. L.
Geeslin, K. L., & Gudmestad, A.
(2012, October). Individual patterns of verb selection: The case of future-time expression in L2 Spanish. Paper presented at the 31st Annual Second Language Research Forum. Pittsburgh, PA.
Geeslin, K. L., & Guijarro-Fuentes, P.
(2005) The acquisition of copula choice in instructed Spanish: The role of individual characteristics. In D. Eddington (Ed.), Studies in the acquisition of the Hispanic languages: Papers from the 6th Conference on the Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese as First and Second Languages (pp. 66–77). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
Geeslin, K. L., Linford, B., Fafulas, S., Long, A., & Díaz-Campos, M.
Geeslin, K. L., & Long, A. Y.
Granena, G., & Long, M. H.
Gudmestad, A., & Geeslin, K.
Guijarro-Fuentes, P., & Geeslin, K.
Gutiérrez, M. J.
Hulstijn, J. H.
Kanwit, M., Geeslin, K. L., & Fafulas, S.
Linford, B. G.
Long, A. Y.
Long, A. Y., & Geeslin, K.
Mesa Alonso, M., Domínguez Herrera, M., Padrón Sánchez, E., & Morales Aguilera, N.
MTELP Series by CaMLA
(2014) Michigan test of English language proficiency. Retrieved from http://www.cambridgemichigan.org/institutions/products-services/tests/placement-progress/mtelp-series/
Navas Ruiz, R.
Ortiz López, L.
(2000) La extensión de estar en contextos de ser en el español de Puerto Rico: ¿Evolución interna o contacto de lenguas? [The extension of estar in contexts of ser in the Spanish of Puerto Rico: Internal evolution or language contact?] Boletín de la Academia Puertorriqueña de la Lengua Española, 98–118.
Ryan, J. M., & Lafford, B. A.