Chapter in:Advancedness in Second Language Spanish: Definitions, challenges, and possibilities
Edited by Mandy R. Menke and Paul A. Malovrh
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 31] 2021
Individual characteristics in advanced Spanish proficiency
Cluster and case-matching analyses on 127 advanced learners
In this article we investigated the learner characteristics of 127 Spanish language learners who achieved “advanced” in at least one tested skill (speaking, reading, or listening). We compared their profiles with case-control-matched non-advanced peers. All students took a background survey on their abroad experience, heritage status, use of Spanish-language resources outside of class, and learning interest. We performed a cluster analysis to map the learners’ profiles and found four clusters, one that achieved advanced in at least one skill, and three clusters that did not. An important factor that predicted overall cluster membership was outside-of-class use of Spanish-language resources, with the advanced Spanish learners using authentic Spanish-language resources significantly more. We discuss ways that programs can foster diverse advancedness profiles.
Keywords: advancedness, L2 Spanish, proficiency, learner profile, individual characteristics
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