Chapter in:Advancedness in Second Language Spanish: Definitions, challenges, and possibilities
Edited by Mandy R. Menke and Paul A. Malovrh
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 31] 2021
Allowable temporal distances for future-time forms
The case of advanced L2 Spanish learners
Learners may show sensitivity to linguistic factors in more controlled tasks before doing so in production, although advanced learners often demonstrate greater inter-task consistency. Future-time expression in Spanish serves as a good test case for such variability due to the multiple forms speakers use. Although recent research has considered production and contextualized selection of future-time forms, it has not required learners to react to forms they may not otherwise implement. We manipulate four future forms and five lexical types, asking learners to indicate when an action could occur for each item. Learners showed more nuanced temporal restrictions according to these factors as proficiency increased, with advanced learners most approximating native speakers, in addition to overshooting some targets and revealing lexical effects.
Keywords: future, advanced learners, Spanish, temporality, acceptability
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