Chapter published in:Studies in Historical Ibero-Romance Morpho-Syntax
Edited by Miriam Bouzouita, Ioanna Sitaridou and Enrique Pato
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 16] 2018
► pp. 275–302
Realmente, verdaderamente and ciertamente
On the relation between epistemic modality and intensifying adverbs
This paper deals with the historical evolution of three epistemic adverbs in Spanish, verdaderamente, realmente and ciertamente. First, we describe how these adverbs grammaticalise – or pragmaticalise – as discourse markers and, therefore, widen their structural scope. Secondly, we show how these words experience a subsequent functionalisation, allowing them to function once again as adverbs, but now as adjective modifiers and not as verbal adverbs. Finally, we conclude that the fact that verdaderamente, ciertamente and realmente preserve all these different meanings at the same time is not out of line with many other grammaticalisation processes, a feature defined in the bibliography as “layering” (Hopper, 1991).
Keywords: Spanish, grammaticalisation, epistemicity, adverbs, discourse markers, intensifying
Published online: 17 July 2018
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(2008) Creating useful historical corpora: A comparison of CORDE, the Corpus del español and the Corpus do português . In A. Enrique-Arias (Ed.), Diacronía de las lenguas iberorrománicas. Nuevas aportaciones desde la lingüística de corpus (pp. 137–167). Madrid & Frankfurt: Iberoamericana & Vervuert.
Dik, S. C., Hengeveld, K., Vester, E., & Vet, C.
Egea, E. R.
Hopper, P. J.
Karlsson, K. E.
Martín Zorraquino, M. A.
Pountain, Ch. P.
Ramat, P., & Ricca, D.
Rodríguez Ramalle, T. M.
Traugott, E. C.
(1995) The role of the development of discourse markers in a theory of grammaticalization. Paper presented at the 12th International Conference on Historical Linguistics , University of Manchester, August 1995. Retrieved from http://www.standford.edu/~traugott/papers/discourse.pdf
Traugott, E. C., & Dasher, R. B.
Willems, D., & Demol, A.
Cited by other publications
Pountain, Christopher J.
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