Chapter published in:Studies in Figurative Thought and Language
Edited by Angeliki Athanasiadou
[Human Cognitive Processing 56] 2017
► pp. 232–249
Metaphor, conceptual archetypes and subjectification
The case of completion is up and the polysemy of shàng in Chinese
This chapter addresses the relation between conceptual metaphor, conceptual archetype and subjectivity. I start by examining the polysemy of shàng in Chinese, given the working of completion is up on its semantics. In this chapter, I sketch a possible route of semantic extension of shàng and argue that its synchronic distribution is symptomatic of semantic attenuation and subjectification. I also propose an image-schematic structure for each of the relevant senses of shàng identified. With such analysis, I identify vertical elevation and contact as two important conceptual archetypes that may help understand the semantic extension and how completion is up is actually at work on the semantics of shàng.
Keywords: perfective aspect, resultative constructions, semantic network, subjectivity, verbal complement
Published online: 26 April 2017
Athanasiadou, A., Canakis, C., & Cornillie, B.
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Cited by 3 other publications
Knotková, Magdaléna & Wei-lun Lu
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