Article published in:Space and Time in Languages and Cultures: Language, culture, and cognition
Edited by Luna Filipović and Katarzyna M. Jaszczolt
[Human Cognitive Processing 37] 2012
► pp. 143–165
7. Koromu temporal expressions
Semantic and cultural perspectives
This chapter examines different types of time expressed in Koromu (Kesawai), a Papuan language, to show the interaction of time expressions with cultural and environmental contexts and to investigate semantic description. Meanings are explicated in a metalanguage based on semantic primitives (cf. Wierzbicka 1996; Goddard 2008; Gladkova, this volume). The discovery of natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) temporal primes and investigation of semantic molecules, non-primitive meanings that occur within the meaning of other concepts, promotes comparative and contrastive semantic description. The finding of culture-specific concepts referring to ‘time-’ and ‘event-based’ time intervals (cf. da Silva Sinha et al., this volume), linear and cyclical time (cf. Charlier, this volume), suggests that a range of expressions need consideration when cultural perspectives are assessed.
Keywords: culture-specific concepts, semantic molecules, semantic primes, time expressions
Published online: 24 July 2012
Cited by 3 other publications
No author info given
Goddard, Cliff & Anna Wierzbicka
Levisen, Carsten & Kristoffer Friis Bøegh
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