Chapter published in:
Exploring Future Paths for Historical Sociolinguistics
Edited by Tanja Säily, Arja Nurmi, Minna Palander-Collin and Anita Auer
[Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics 7] 2017
► pp. 239274
References

References

Anderwald, Lieselotte
2001 Was/were-variation in non-standard British English today. English World-Wide 22(1). 1–21. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Atwood, Elmer Bagby
1953A survey of verb forms in the Eastern United States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bailey, Guy, Natalie Maynor & Patricia Cukor-Avila
1989Variation in subject-verb concord in Early Modern English. Language Variation and Change 1. 285–300. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bismark, Christina
2010Patterns of verbal -s in the varieties of English today. LinguaCulture 1. 3–23.Google Scholar
Boberg, Charles
2010The English language in Canada: Status, history and comparative analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Britain, David
2002Diffusion, levelling, simplification and reallocation in past tense BE in the English Fens. Journal of Sociolinguistics 6. 16–43. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Britain, David & Andrea Sudbury
2002There’s sheep and there’s penguins: Convergence, “drift” and “slant” in New Zealand and Falkland Island English. In Mari C. Jones & Edith Esch (eds.), Language change: The interplay of internal, external and extra-linguistic factors, 209–242. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Carrothers, William A.
1929/1969Emigration from the British Isles. New York: Augustus M. Kelley.Google Scholar
Chambers, J. K.
1975The Ottawa Valley ‘twang’. In J. K. Chambers (ed.), Canadian English: Origins and structures, 55–59. Toronto: Methuen.Google Scholar
1991Canada. In Jenny Cheshire (ed.), English around the world, 89–107. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1995Sociolinguistic theory: Linguistic variation and its social significance. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
1998English: Canadian varieties. In John Edwards (ed.), Language in Canada, 252–272. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2004‘Canadian Dainty’: The rise and decline of Briticisms in Canada. In Raymond Hickey (ed.), Legacies of colonial English: Studies in transported dialects, 224–263. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
2009Sociolinguistic theory: Linguistic variation and its social significance, revised edn. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2010English in Canada. In Elaine Gold & Janice McAlpine (eds.), Canadian English: A linguistic reader (Occasional Papers No. 6), 1–37. Queen’s University: Strathy Language Unit. http://​www​.queensu​.ca​/strathy​/apps​/OP6v2​.pdf (21 December, 2015.)Google Scholar
2012Homogeneity as a sociolinguistic motive in Canadian English. World Englishes 31(4). 467–477. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chambers, J. K. & Peter Trudgill
1998Dialectology, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cheshire, Jenny & Sue Fox
2009 Was/were variation: A perspective from London. Language Variation and Change 21. 1–38. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Christian, Donna, Walt Wolfram & Nanjo Dube
1988Variation and change in geographically isolated communities: Appalachian English and Ozark English (Publication of the American Dialect Society, no. 74). Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.Google Scholar
Clarke, Sandra
1997English verbal -s revisited: The evidence from Newfoundland. American Speech 72(3). 227–259. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cowan, Helen I.
1961British emigration to British North America: The first hundred years. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cukor-Avila, Patricia
1997Change and stability in the use of verbal -s over time in AAVE. In Edgar W. Schneider (ed.), Englishes around the world I, 295–306. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dollinger, Stefan & Sandra Clarke
2012On the autonomy and homogeneity of Canadian English. World Englishes 31(4). 448–466. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Eisikovits, Edina
1991Variation in subject-verb agreement in Inner Sydney English. In Jenny Cheshire (ed.), English around the world: Sociolinguistic perspectives, 235–256. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gardiner, Shayna
2012Singular concord in Ottawa Valley English. Strathy student working papers on Canadian English. Queen's University. http://​hdl​.handle​.net​/1974​/7679 (15 March, 2016.)Google Scholar
Godfrey, Elizabeth & Sali A. Tagliamonte
1999Another piece for the verbal -s story: Evidence from Devon in southwest England. Language Variation and Change 11. 87–121. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ihalainen, Ossi
1994The dialects of England since 1776. In Robert Burtchfield (ed.), The Cambridge history of the English language. Volume 5: English in Britain and overseas: Origin and development, 197–270. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Jones, Meghan & Sali A. Tagliamonte
2004From Somerset to Samaná: Preverbal did in the voyage of English. Language Variation and Change 16. 93–126. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
José, Brian
2007Appalachian English in southern Indiana? The evidence from verbal -s . Language Variation and Change 19. 249–280. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William
1963The social motivation of a sound change. Word 19. 273–309. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1966The social stratification of English in New York City. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.Google Scholar
1972aSociolinguistic patterns. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
1972bThe transformation of experience in narrative syntax. In William Labov (ed.), Language in the inner city: Studies in the Black English Vernacular, 354–396. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
1982Building on empirical foundations. In Winifred P. Lehmann & Yakov Malkiel (eds.), Perspectives on historical linguistics, 17–92. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2001Principles of linguistic change, Vol. 2: Social factors. Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2007Transmission and diffusion. Language 83(2). 344–387. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William & Joshua Waletzky
1967Narrative analysis: Oral versions of personal experience. In June Helm (ed.), Essays on the verbal and visual arts, 12–44. Seattle: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
Macafee, Caroline
2004Scots and Scottish English. In Raymond Hickey (ed.), The legacy of colonial English: A study of transported dialects, 59–81. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
McInnis, Marvin
2000The population of Canada in the nineteenth century. In Michael R. Haines & Richard H. Steckel (eds.), A population history of North America, 317–432. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
McIntosh, Angus
1989Present indicative plural forms in the later Middle English of the North Midlands. In Margaret Laing (ed.), Middle English dialectology: Essays on some principles and problems, 116–122. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.Google Scholar
Meechan, Marjory & Michelle Foley
1994On resolving disagreement: Linguistic theory and variation – there’s bridges. Language Variation and Change 6(1). 63–86. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Montgomery, Michael
1989Exploring the roots of Appalachian English. English World-Wide 10. 227–278. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Montgomery, Michael B. & Janet M. Fuller
1996What was verbal -s in 19th-century African American English? In Edgar W. Schneider (ed.), Focus on the USA, 211–230. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Montgomery, Michael B., Janet M. Fuller & Sharon DeMarse
1993“The black men has wives and sweet harts [and third person plural -s] jest like the white men”: Evidence for verbal -s from written documents on 19th-century African American speech. Language Variation and Change 5. 335–357. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Myhill, John
1995The use of features of present-day AAVE in the ex-slave recordings. American Speech 70. 115–147. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nevalainen, Terttu
2006aHistorical sociolinguistics and language change. In Ans van Kemenade & Bettelou Los (eds.), The handbook of the history of English, 558–588. Malden, MA: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2006bVernacular universals? The case of plural was in Early Modern English. In Terttu Nevalainen, Juhani Klemola, & Mikko Laitinen (eds.), Types of variation: diachronic, dialectal and typological, 351–369. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nevalainen, Terttu & Helena Raumolin-Brunberg
2000The changing role of London on the linguistic map of Tudor and Stuart England. In Dieter Kastovsky & Arthur Mettinger (eds.), The history of English in a social context: A contribution to historical sociolinguistics, 279–337. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2003Historical sociolinguistics: Language change in Tudor and Stuart England. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Padolsky, Enoch & Ian Pringle
1981A historical source book for the Ottawa Valley. Ottawa: Linguistic Survey of the Ottawa Valley, Carleton University.Google Scholar
Poplack, Shana & Sali A. Tagliamonte
1989There’s no tense like the present: Verbal -s inflection in early Black English. Language Variation and Change 1. 47–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2001African-American English in the diaspora. Malden & New York: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Pringle, Ian & Enoch Padolsky
1981The Irish heritage of the English of the Ottawa Valley. English Studies in Canada 7. 338–352.Google Scholar
1983The linguistic survey of the Ottawa Valley. American Speech 58(4). 325–344. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1984Demographic analysis and regional dialect surveys in Canada: Data collection and use. Canadian Papers in Rural History. 240–275.Google Scholar
Pringle, Ian, C. Stanley Jones & Enoch Padolsky
1981Misapprehension of Ottawa urban standards in an adjacent rural area. English World-Wide 2. 165–180. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sankoff, David, Sali A. Tagliamonte & Eric Smith
2005Goldvarb X: A variable rule application for Macintosh and Windows. Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto. http://​individual​.utoronto​.ca​/tagliamonte​/goldvarb​.html (30 January, 2016.)
Sankoff, David & Suzanne Laberge
1978The linguistic market and the statistical explanation of variability. In David Sankoff (ed.), Linguistic variation: Models and methods, 239–250. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Sankoff, Gillian
2005Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies in sociolinguistics. In Ulrich Ammon, Norbert Dittmar, Klaus J. Mattheier & Peter Trudgill (eds.), An international handbook of the science of language and society, vol. 2, 1003–1013. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
2013Longitudinal studies. In Robert Bayley, Richard Cameron & Ceil Lucas (eds.), The Oxford handbook of sociolinguistics, 261–279. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Sankoff, Gillian & Hélèn Blondeau
2007Language change across the lifespan: /r/ in Montreal French. Language 83(3). 560–588. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schendl, Herbert
1996The 3rd plural present indicative in Early Modern English – Variation and linguistic contact. In Derek Britton (ed.), English historical linguistics 1994: Papers from the 8th International Conference on English Historical Linguistics, 143–160. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2000The third person present plural in Shakespeare’s First Folio: A case of interaction of morphology and syntax? In Christiane Dalton-Puffer & Nikolaus Ritt (eds.), Words: Structure, meaning, function, 263–276. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schilling-Estes, Natalie
1997Accommodation versus concentration: Dialect death in two post-insular island communities. American Speech 72(1). 12–32. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1999Reshaping economies, reshaping identities: Gender-based patterns of language variation in Ocracoke English. In Suzanne Wertheim, Ashlee C. Bailey & Monica Corston-Oliver (eds.), Engendering communication: Proceedings of the Fifth Berkeley Women and Language Conference, 509–520. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Women and Language Group.Google Scholar
Schilling-Estes, Natalie & Walt Wolfram
1994Convergent explanation and alternative regularization patterns: Were/weren’t leveling in a vernacular English variety. Language Variation and Change 6. 273–302. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1999Alternative models of dialect death: Dissipation vs. contraction. Language 75(3). 486–521. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schreier, Daniel
2010Tristan da Cunha English. In Daniel Schreier, Peter Trudgill, Edgar W. Schneider & Jeffery P. Williams (eds.), The lesser-known varieties of English: An introduction, 245–260. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Singler, John V.
1997On the genesis, evolution, and diversity of African American English: Evidence from verbal -s in the Liberian Settler English of Sinoe. Paper presented at the Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics, London.
Smith, Jennifer
2000Synchrony and diachrony in the evolution of English: Evidence from the far reaches of Scotland. York: University of York D.Phil. dissertation.Google Scholar
Smith, Jennifer & Mercedes Durham
2011A tipping point in dialect obsolescence? Change across the generations in Lerwick, Shetland. Journal of Sociolinguistics 15(2). 197–225. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Smith, Jennifer, Mercedes Durham & Lian Fortune
2007‘Mam, me trousers is fa’in doon!’: Community, caregiver and child in the acquisition of variation in a Scottish dialect. Language Variation and Change 19. 63–99. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt
2013Grammatical variation in British English dialects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Tagliamonte, Sali A.
1998 Was/were variation across the generations: View from the city of York. Language Variation and Change 10. 153–191. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2001 Come/came variation in English dialects. American Speech 76(1). 42–61. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2013Comparative sociolinguistics. In J. K. Chambers & Natalie Schilling-Estes (eds.), Handbook of language variation and change, 2nd edn., 128–156. Malden and Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2013–2018Social determinants of linguistic systems. Insight Grant: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.Google Scholar
2017Changing places: Tracking innovation and obsolescence across generations. In Emma Moore & Chris Montgomery (eds.), Language and a sense of place. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tagliamonte, Sali A. & Derek Denis
2014Expanding the transmission/diffusion dichotomy: Evidence from Canada. Language 90(1). 90–136. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tidholm, Hans
1979The dialect of Egton in North Yorkshire. Göteborg: Bokmaskinen.Google Scholar
Town of Mississippi Mills
2006Town of Mississippi Mills Community Official Plan, http://​www​.mississippimills​.ca​/en​/work​/officialplan​.asp (25 November, 2016.)
Trudgill, Peter J.
1972Linguistic change and diffusion: Description and explanation in sociolinguistic dialect geography. Language in Society 3. 215–246. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Walker, James A.
2007“There’s bears back there”: Plural existentials and vernacular universals in (Quebec) English. English World-Wide 28(2). 147–166. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wolfram, Walt & Natalie Schilling-Estes
1995Moribund dialects and the endangerment canon: The case of the Ocracoke Brogue. Language 71(4). 696–721. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Woods, Howard
1979A socio-dialectology survey of the English spoken in Ottawa: A study of the sociological and stylistic variation in Canadian English. Vancouver: University of British Columbia PhD Thesis. http://​hdl​.handle​.net​/2429​/22069 (25 November, 2016.)Google Scholar
1991Social differentiation in Ottawa English. In Jenny Cheshire (ed.), English around the world: Sociolinguistic perspectives, 134–149. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by other publications

Jankowski, Bridget L. & Sali A. Tagliamonte
2019.  Supper or dinner? . English World-Wide. A Journal of Varieties of English 40:2  pp. 170 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 31 december 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.