Chapter published in:Exploring Future Paths for Historical Sociolinguistics
Edited by Tanja Säily, Arja Nurmi, Minna Palander-Collin and Anita Auer
[Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics 7] 2017
► pp. 239–274
A lost Canadian dialect
The Ottawa Valley 1975–2013
Ottawa Valley English (OVE), a rural regional dialect enclave in Ontario, Canada, is under threat from social change, including urban sprawl and the encroachment of standard Canadian English. Using a trend study with two samples collected 30–35 years apart, we conduct a variationist sociolinguistic analysis of two vernacular features found in many varieties of English, including OVE: verbal -s with third-person plural NP subjects (My eyes is failing), and preterite come (They come here in nineteen-and-seven). The findings have implications for models of dialect “dissipation” and “concentration” (Schilling-Estes & Wolfram 1999). For both variables, internal constraints are concentrating. Verbal -s, however, is dissipating, while preterite come is retained and shows evidence of age-grading.
Keywords: Canadian English, Ottawa Valley English, language change, dissipation, concentration, trend study, age-grading, verbal -, preterite
Published online: 19 December 2017
Atwood, Elmer Bagby
Bailey, Guy, Natalie Maynor & Patricia Cukor-Avila
Britain, David & Andrea Sudbury
Chambers, J. K.
2010 English in Canada. In Elaine Gold & Janice McAlpine (eds.), Canadian English: A linguistic reader (Occasional Papers No. 6), 1–37. Queen’s University: Strathy Language Unit. http://www.queensu.ca/strathy/apps/OP6v2.pdf (21 December, 2015.)
Cheshire, Jenny & Sue Fox
Christian, Donna, Walt Wolfram & Nanjo Dube
Cowan, Helen I.
Dollinger, Stefan & Sandra Clarke
2012 Singular concord in Ottawa Valley English. Strathy student working papers on Canadian English. Queen's University. http://hdl.handle.net/1974/7679 (15 March, 2016.)
Godfrey, Elizabeth & Sali A. Tagliamonte
Jones, Meghan & Sali A. Tagliamonte
Labov, William & Joshua Waletzky
Meechan, Marjory & Michelle Foley
Montgomery, Michael B. & Janet M. Fuller
Montgomery, Michael B., Janet M. Fuller & Sharon DeMarse
Nevalainen, Terttu & Helena Raumolin-Brunberg
Padolsky, Enoch & Ian Pringle
Poplack, Shana & Sali A. Tagliamonte
Pringle, Ian & Enoch Padolsky
Pringle, Ian, C. Stanley Jones & Enoch Padolsky
Sankoff, David, Sali A. Tagliamonte & Eric Smith
2005 Goldvarb X: A variable rule application for Macintosh and Windows. Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto. http://individual.utoronto.ca/tagliamonte/goldvarb.html (30 January, 2016.)
Sankoff, David & Suzanne Laberge
Sankoff, Gillian & Hélèn Blondeau
1999 Reshaping economies, reshaping identities: Gender-based patterns of language variation in Ocracoke English. In Suzanne Wertheim, Ashlee C. Bailey & Monica Corston-Oliver (eds.), Engendering communication: Proceedings of the Fifth Berkeley Women and Language Conference, 509–520. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Women and Language Group.
Schilling-Estes, Natalie & Walt Wolfram
Singler, John V.
1997 On the genesis, evolution, and diversity of African American English: Evidence from verbal -s in the Liberian Settler English of Sinoe. Paper presented at the Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics, London.
Smith, Jennifer & Mercedes Durham
Smith, Jennifer, Mercedes Durham & Lian Fortune
Tagliamonte, Sali A.
Tagliamonte, Sali A. & Derek Denis
Town of Mississippi Mills
2006 Town of Mississippi Mills Community Official Plan, http://www.mississippimills.ca/en/work/officialplan.asp (25 November, 2016.)
Trudgill, Peter J.
Walker, James A.
Wolfram, Walt & Natalie Schilling-Estes
1979 A socio-dialectology survey of the English spoken in Ottawa: A study of the sociological and stylistic variation in Canadian English. Vancouver: University of British Columbia PhD Thesis. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/22069 (25 November, 2016.)
Cited by other publications
Jankowski, Bridget L. & Sali A. Tagliamonte
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 31 december 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.