Chapter published in:Speaking in a Second Language
Edited by Rosa Alonso Alonso
[AILA Applied Linguistics Series 17] 2018
► pp. 1–25
Sociolinguistic competence and the acquisition of speaking
Kimberly L. Geeslin | Indiana University
Aarnes Gudmestad | Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Matthew Kanwit | University of Pittsburgh
Bret Linford | Grand Valley State University
Avizia Yim Long | Texas Tech University
Lauren Schmidt | San Diego State University
Megan Solon | University at Albany, SUNY
In face-to-face spoken interactions, language learners must construct a meaningful message consistent with the L2 grammar, articulate it comprehensibly, and manage the aspects of oral communication that reflect speaker identity, interlocutor identities, and the characteristics of the interactional context. A lack of sociolinguistic competence can lead to a failure to convey formality, politeness, solidarity, friendship, and group membership, and this will negatively affect the communicative outcome. The current chapter examines the social and situational information one conveys through linguistic variants in speech, offering a state-of-the-art account of empirical research, including a discussion of pressing issues in the field, such as the roles of lexical frequency, geographic variation, and language attitudes, as well as the pedagogical implications of this research.
Published online: 12 April 2018
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